Curriculum Overview: Science

A brief overview of learning in Science

Key Stage 3 Curriculum End Points and key vocabulary: Science

Year 7

Year 8

Year 9

Science specific skills (Working Scientifically)

1.1Understand how scientific methods and theories develop over time
1.2Use a variety of models such as representational, spatial, descriptive, computational and mathematical to solve problems, make predictions and to develop scientific explanations and understanding of familiar and unfamiliar facts
1.3Appreciate the power and limitations of science and consider any ethical issues which may arise
1.4Explain everyday and technological applications of science; evaluate associated personal, social, economic and environmental implications; and make decisions based on the evaluation of evidence and arguments
1.5Evaluate risks both in practical science and the wider societal context, including perception of risk in relation to data and consequences
1.6Recognise the importance of peer review of results and of communicating results to a range of audiences
2.1Use scientific theories and explanations to develop hypotheses
2.2Plan experiments or devise procedures to make observations, produce or characterise a substance, test hypotheses, check data or explore phenomena
2.3Apply a knowledge of a range of techniques, instruments, apparatus, and materials to select those appropriate to the experiment
2.4Carry out experiments appropriately having due regard for the correct manipulation of apparatus, the accuracy of measurements and health and safety considerations
2.5Recognise when to apply a knowledge of sampling techniques to ensure any samples collected are representative
2.6Make and record observations and measurements using a range of apparatus and methods
2.7Evaluate methods and suggest possible improvements and further investigations
3.1Present observations and other data using appropriate methods
3.2Translating data from one form to another
3.3Carrying out and represent mathematical and statistical analysis
3.4Representing distributions of results and make estimations of uncertainty
3.5Interpreting observations and other data (presented in verbal, diagrammatic, graphical, symbolic or numerical form), including identifying patterns and trends, making inferences and drawing conclusions
3.6 Presenting reasoned explanations including relating data to hypotheses
3.7Being objective, evaluating data in terms of accuracy, precision, repeatability and reproducibility and identifying potential sources of random and systematic error
3.8Communicating the scientific rationale for investigations, methods used, findings and reasoned conclusions through paper based and electronic reports and presentations using verbal, diagrammatic, graphical, numerical and symbolic forms
4.1Use scientific vocabulary, terminology and definitions
4.2Recognise the importance of scientific quantities and understand how they are determines
4.3Use SI units (kg, g, mg, km, m, mm, kJ, J) and IUPAC chemical nomenclature unless inappropriate
4.4Use prefixes and powers of ten for orders of magnitude (eg tera, giga, mega, kilo, centi, milli, micro, nano)
4.5Interconvert units
4.6Use an appropriate number of significant figures in calculation

Science specific skills (Maths Skills)

1aRecognise and use expressions in decimal form
1bRecognise and use expressions in standard form
1cUse ratios, fractions and percentages
1dMake estimates of the results of simple calculations
2aUse an appropriate number of significant figures
2bFind arithmetic means
2cConstruct and interpret frequency tables and diagrams, bar charts and histograms
2dUnderstand the principles of sampling as applied to scientific data
2eUnderstand simple probability
2fUnderstand the terms mean, mode and median
2gUse a scatter diagram to identify a correlation between two variables
2hMake order of magnitude calculations
3aUnderstand and use the symbols: =, <, <<, >>, >, ~, ∝
3bChange the subject of an equation
3cSubstitute numerical values into algebraic equations using appropriate units for physical quantities
3dSolve simple algebraic equations
4aTranslate information between graphical and numerical form
4bUnderstand that y = mx + c represents a linear relationship
4cPlot two variables from experimental data
4dDetermine the slope and intercept of a linear graph
4eDraw and use the slope of a tangent to a curve as a measure of rate of change
4fUnderstand the physical significance of area between a curve and the x-axis and measure it by counting squares as appropriate
5aUse angular measures in degrees
5bVisualise and represent 2D and 3D forms including two dimensional representations of 3D objects
5cCalculate areas of triangles and rectangles, surface area and volumes of cubes
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